Xeriscaping will refer to the conservation of water via creative landscaping. This was developed originally for drought-afflicted areas. Water is now considered a limited and expensive resource. Hence, all landscaping projects will definitely benefit from this alternative.
Planning – Water conservation is the fundamental element of this landscaping option. Most landscape designers are constantly looking for different ways of reducing the amount of applied water. With a graph paper, consider drawing an aerial view of your property and start your plan by taking into account various important things. Some of the things you must consider will include the drainage patterns of the land, how the area will be used, and the kind of plants you must include.
Soil Improvement – Soil that drains quickly and stores water is the ideal soil in a water-conserving landscape. This can actually be achieved by boosting the amount of organic material in your soil. This will also keep it well aerated. The ideal organic additive is compost.
Make limited turf areas – As much as you possibly can, you need to reduce the size of the turf areas. Be reminded though to retain some turf for open space. If planting new turf, be sure to use water-saving species.
Use the right plants – You must choose plants that are native to your region if you really want to achieve the best results. First, opt for drought-resistant plants. For dry and hot areas, you need to opt for those that only need a minimum of water. It is very crucial for you to avoid mixing plants with different water requirements. Plant trees also as these help reduce evaporation by shading the soil and blocking wind.
Irrigate – The goal is water conservation; hence, you must avoid overwatering. The easiest and the most effective watering for xeriscapes are soaker hoses and drip-irrigation systems. They deliver water directly to the plant’s base. In turn, this will help reduce moisture loss. Also, they deliver water at a very slow rate – this will actually encourage root absorption. Moreover, it will reduce erosion and pooling. Generally, you need to water deeply yet less frequently.
Mulch – Use this to cover the surface of the soil around plants. Use coarse compost, leaves, bark, gravel, wood chips or pine needles. Be aware that mulch will help retain soil moisture and temperature. Aside from that, it will prevent erosion as well as block out competing weeds.
Maintain your landscape – Among the main benefits of xeriscape is low maintenance. To keep the weeds from growing up, thicken the layer of mulch. Also, turf must not be cut too short. Most importantly, avoid putting too much fertilizer.